GRADUATE PROGRAM IN HISTORY OF SCIENCE, MEDICINE, AND TECHNOLOGY
- Christophe Bonneuil is a Senior researcher at the Centre A. Koyré of History of Science (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique – CNRS) and at IFRIS. He is also teaching at the master program on History of science and science studies of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (Ehess, Paris).
He is interested in how nature (biodiversity, heredity, crops) has been co-constituted into (shifting and situated) objects of knowledge and objects of government since Darwin. After a PhD on science and the disciplining of nature in the French colonial empire (1997), he has investigated since then various interfaces between environmental history and history of science. He has explored the epistemic, social, political and cultural aspects of plant genetics from Mendel to post-genomics and has recently been awarded a grant to constitute a research team on the history and sociology of the quantification and economic assessment of biodiversity and ecosystems services. He has published (with Frederic Thomas) Genes, pouvoirs et profits. Recherche publique et regimes de production des savoirs de Mendel aux OGM (Paris: Ed. Quae-ECLM, 2009).
Otniel E. Dror, MD, Ph D (in history), is Joel Wilbush Chair in Medical Anthropology, and Head of the Section for the History of Medicine in the Medical Faculty of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research focuses on the history of the study of emotions during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. His book manuscript, Blush, Adrenaline, Excitement: Modernity and the Study of Emotions, 1860-1940, is currently under revision for the University of Chicago Press. His co-edited book, Knowledge and Pain, is forthcoming with Rodopi Press. His new book project is titled: The Adrenaline Century, 1900-2000. It is a cultural-scientific history of adrenaline and of modern forms of pleasures.
Nathan Ha received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the UCLA Center for Society and Genetics. His main research interests include: the history of the biomedical sciences, especially the history of twentieth-century genetics; American cultural history; and the history of gender and sexuality. Ha's dissertation, "Marking Bodies: A History of Genetic Sex in the Twentieth Century," examines the development of sex determination research by geneticists as they sought to locate the essence of sex in chromosomes and genes. This project explores the close interplay between scientific theories about sex and shifting cultural understandings of what it meant to have a sexuality and to be a man or a woman. At the heart of Ha's inquiry lie broader interests in the articulation of scientific authority, the circulation of knowledge between science and the public, and the construction of biological identities. While at UCLA, he plans to offer courses on the history of the sexual sciences and the genetics of human origins.
Axel Jansen is assistant professor in history at Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tübingen (Germany). He has written two books, one on American volunteers supporting the Allies between 1914 and 1917 (i.e. prior to US entry into World War I) and another book on Alexander Dallas Bache, the key leader of American scientists in mid-nineteenth-century America. In these studies, he explores the evolving nature of US nationhood in different ways and discusses the odd circumstance that well-connected US citizens would support France or England as ambulance drivers, soldiers, or fighter pilots (or as sponsors of such volunteers) but that they did not call for American intervention at home. He argues that even those Americans who would have had every reason to wish for more effective support for France and her allies were unable or unwilling to conceive of the United States as a relevant political agent for engaging in the "European War." With respect to Bache and the role of the scientific profession, he focuses on Bache’s antebellum efforts to help build and shape public institutions--efforts that cumulated during the Civil War when Bache helped found the National Academy of Sciences as a symbol of the continued viability of an American nation.
Currently he is cooperating with sociologists Andreas Franzmann in a research project at Universität Tübingen and at UCLA (www.public-context-of-science.de), funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, to explore the changing relationship between science and the general public in the US and in Germany since 1970. How have scientists in different fields adjusted their professional habitus in response to the changing nature of the public sphere? For example, what has been the impact of television on fields of science? They will address such issues by analyzing four research fields and their public perception: astrophysics, Islamic studies, stem cell research, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Jansen was a Fulbright Visiting Scholar at UCLA in 2005, and has visited the department several times as a fellow of the German Research Foundation (DFG). At UCLA, he taught courses on "Science and Nation-Building in Nineteenth-Century America" and on "Intellectuals and the Civil War, 1861-65."
Lisa Onaga is a 2011-12 post-doctoral fellow at the UCLA Center for Society and Genetics. She received her Ph.D. from the Department of Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University. Her doctoral work analyzed the growth of Japanese research on heredity and genetics in relation to growing state and industrial interests to improve the silkworm, and the mass-production of raw silk from the mid-1800s through the 1920s. Her dissertation, “Silkworm, Science, and Nation: A Sericultural History of Genetics in Modern Japan,” chronicled the rationalization of silkworm reproduction and illustrated why the insect’s hybridization and husbandry served as a potent site for understanding the entanglement of standardization, race, and national identity. Lisa’s book manuscript continues to probe these relationships through a broader examination of sericulture science and interactions with other arenas of biological research in twentieth-century Japan. Her new project explores the continuity of Japanese life sciences in the postwar period, especially in relation to research and efforts to preserve genetic resources at the national and international levels. Lisa’s postdoctoral project is funded jointly by the D. Kim Foundation for the History of Science and Technology in East Asia.
Onaga, Lisa. 2010. Toyama Kametaro and Vernon Kellogg: Silkworm Inheritance Experiments in Japan, Siam, and the United States, 1900-1912. Journal of the History of Biology 43(2): 215-264.
Onaga, Lisa. 2009. Tracing the Totsuzen in Tanaka’s Silkworms: An Exploration of the Establishment of Bombyx moriMutant Stocks. Preprints of the Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science 393.
Onaga, L. 2008. Naze Kaiko? [Why the Silkworm?] Sanshi ・ Konchu Baioteku 77(3). (Japanese)
RECENT VISITING SCHOLARS
- Marta Macedo (Email: email@example.com) is a postdoctoral fellow visiting UCLA from September 2010 to June 2011. She comes from the Interuniversitary Center for the History of Science and Technology, University of Lisbon (CIUHCT). She is developing a project entitled “Inventing the cocoa islands: science and the Portuguese colonial landscape.” This research is centered on São Tomé and Principe, during the cocoa boom of the 1890s-1920s and aims to show how technoscientific practices built and sustained colonial landscapes. It also proposes a revised understanding of the relation between metropolis and colonies both by recognizing the central role played by local entities and by assessing the importance of scientific exchanges between colonies of different Empires.
- Jarita Holbrook: is a visiting scholar 1997-2001. Fall 2010 she is Visiting Professor, North West University, Mafikeng, South Africa, and Winter/Spring 2011 she will be visiting scholar, Women’s Studies, UCLA. Research interests: cultural astronomy and celestial navigation in Africa, Fiji, UK, and the United States since 1945; cultural and social history of African American scientists.
- Jeroen Bouterse – doctoral student, visiting UCLA in fall 2010, from the University of Utrecht. Research interests: Christianity and natural philosophy in Antiquity; Reformation and scientific revolution; philosophy of history.
- Jordy Geerlings – doctoral student, visiting UCLA in fall 2010, from the University of Utrecht. Research interests: History of early modern philosophy and science, Enlightenment philosophies of history, radicalization of thought in the Enlightenment. Currently researching Johann Konrad Franz von Hatzfeld (1685-after 1746).
- Jacob Tullberg – doctoral student, visiting UCLA in fall 2010, from the University of Copenhagen. Research interests: Medieval cartography and horology (or space and time); the terrestrial cosmology of medieval Europeans seen through the different cartographic genres; the development and spread of the mechanical clock seen in a broad cultural and cosmological context.
- Melissa Lo- doctoral student, visiting UCLA for the academic year 2010-11, from the University of Harvard. Research interests: Early modern science, particularly Cartesian physics as visualized, debated and transformed in France and the Netherlands; 17th and 18th-century art and architecture; and histories of the body.
- Jose Arribas - is a visiting scholar at UCLA from October 2008 until 31 of January 2009. National University for Distance Education in Madrid. Research Project on the user of probability and modeling in sociology.
- Aaron Moore - Visiting scholar, academic year 2008-9 from Arizona State University where he holds a position as assistant professor of modern Japanese history. Research project on colonial engineers and technology bureaucrats in China and Manchuria and their attempt to realize their utopian visions of "constructing Asia" through natural resource studies and development project during the war. Additional project on the continuities between Japanese colonial development and the "developmentalism" of post-war Japan with regards to technology. Lecture course on "Cultures of Technology in Modern Japan".
- Shigeru Nakayama - Visiting Professor academic year 2008-9. Emeritus Professor, University of Tokyo. Research interest: East Asian sciences and science policy studies.
- Diane Paul, Visiting Professor at UCLA from January - June 2009. Professor Emerita in the Political Science Department at the University of Massachusetts Boston, where she directed the interdisciplinary program in Science, Technology, and Values. She is also a Research Associate in the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard University. NIH-funded project, “A Policy-oriented History of Newborn Screening for PKU”.
- Helena Pettersson: Visiting Graduate Student, 2004 [and Visiting Scholar, Women’s Studies, 2006-2008]. She is now Researcher in Anthropology, Umea University, Sweden. Her research is on gender and work/life balance issues in the physical and life sciences since the 1960s.
- Lino Camprubi: relations of history of science and political economy in early Francoist Spain, especially the importance of construction engineering for the political economy of the country; the relations between history and philosophy of science
- Gustavo Garza (email: ggarzaus at ucla dot edu): history of science, 19th to the 20th century; sound studies with a particular focus on the phonograph, development of anthropology as a social science; history of technology; material culture; interaction between scientific knowledge and technologies
- Alex Kertzner: History of Medicine; Public Health; US and Comparative Health Policy.
- Adam Lawrence (email: firstname.lastname@example.org): Adam's dissertation, Grow to Decline: Quantifying Reproduction & Resource Production in Biology & Economics, 1929-1989, is a comparative history of quantitative metrics of resource production (food and fuel) relative to population size, growth rate, and consumption per capita in nonhuman biology and macroeconomics. He wants to understand how nonhuman biologists (especially quantitative ecologists) and macroeconomists exchanged mathematical methods, terminology, and objects of study, while reaching radically different conclusions regarding the relationship of the global human population to its resource base. At the center of his study is the physiological and ecological construction of the primary production metric from the 1950s through the 1980s. This metric, the total matter produced globally through photosynthesis, played a key role in the arguments made by many biologists during this period that humankind faces a nightmarish future of starvation and struggle. More broadly, Adam is interested in modern German and American history, the history of the biological and social sciences, and global economic history.
- Kendall Milar: first year graduate student
- Jason Miller: 20th century Psychological testing, Gestalt Psychology, Cybernetics, Cognitive Science, Artificial Intelligence, Transhumanism, Phenomenology, and Philosophy of Mind.
- Laura Morgan: Early modern science, particularly in Britain; interaction between science and its broader cultural setting; transmission of scientific knowledge; gender and science
- Daniella Perry (Email: email@example.com): 19th-and 20th- century developments in the life sciences and medical technologies, specifically medical genetics and biotechnologies; science and business, subsequent relations to public policy and public awareness of science and technology, and how these relations affect the direction of science and industry
- Marissa Petrou (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org): modern European human sciences, communication through and technology of visual culture; the relationship between the development of anthropology, photography and museums
- Rob Schraff: The history of science and technology in Los Angeles, California, the American West and the Pacific Rim, popular science culture and practices including hot rodding, hacking and satificing, and the history of Public Policy.
- Christine Tarleton: Child psychiatry and pediatrics, socio-cultural constructions of disease, the marketing of parenting practices and baby products, scientific motherhood and the domestic sciences in the US, the Children’s Bureau and government services for “special needs” children, disability studies perspectives and definitions of “normality,” healthcare disparities and socioeconomic boundary-making within child psychiatry, 20th century biomedicine and its commercialization.
- Michael Weismeyer (Email: email@example.com): history of science; US science; US history; education; mathematics; physics; modern European science
Lola Martinez: Modern Japan and Korea; Japanese conceptions of racial science; medical practice and public health in colonial Korea; eugenic science and ethnic assimilation policies within the Japanese empire, 1895-1945
Anat Mooreville (Email: firstname.lastname@example.org): Modern Jewish history; Modern Middle East history; Sephardim/Mizrahim; public health; colonial medicine; history and treatment of ophthalmic disease.
- Brad Fidler (2011): Dissertation title: "Economies of Everyday Suffering: Some Implications of Eli Lilly's Zyprexa Market Strategy in US Primary Care"
- Naamah Akavia (2010): died in January 2010, shortly after completing her PhD Dissertation title: “Subjectivity in Motion: Movement between Psyche and Soma in the Work of Hermann Rorschach”
- Alix Hui (2008): Assistant Professor, Mississippi State University
Dissertation Title: "Hearing Sound as Music: Psychophysical Studies of Sound Sensation and the Music Culture of Germany, 1860-1910"
- Soyoung Suh (2007): Assistant Professor, Dartmouth College. Dissertation Title: "Korean Medicine between the Local and the Universal: 1600-1945"
- Eric Casteel (2007): Visiting Lecturer, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Dissertation Title: "Entrepot and Backwater: A Cultural History of the Transfer of Medical Knowledge From Leiden to Edinburgh, 1692-1738"
- Courtenay Raia (2006): Humanities Faculty at Colburn School of Music in LA. Disseration Title: "The Substance of Things Hoped for: Faith, Science, and Psychial Research in the Victorian fin de siècle"
- Peter Alagona (2006): Assistant Professor, University of California Santa Barbara Dissertation Title: "Transforming Conservation: Endangered Species, Biodiversity, and the Political Economy of Science in California"
- Reynal Guillen (2005): Postdoctoral Research Fellow, UCLA Disseration Title: "Scientific Colonialism Under an American Technopole: Chicanos/as, Race and Ethnicity"
- Kevin Lambert (2005): Assistant Professor, California State University Fullerton Dissertation Title: "Mind Over Matter: Language, Mathematics and Electromagnetism in 19th Century Britain"
- Minghui Hu (2004): Assistant Professor, University of California Santa Cruz Dissertation Title: "Cosmopolitan Confucianism: China’s Road to Modern Science"
- Gabriel Wolfenstein (2004): IHUM Fellow, Stanford University Dissertation Title: "Public numbers and the Victorian State: The General Register Office, the Census, and Statistics in Nineteenth Century Britain"
- Minsoo Kang (2004): Associate Professor, University of Missouri, St. Louis Dissertation Title: "The Automaton: A Historical Study of a Cultural and Intellectual Symbol"
- Avner Ben-Zaken (2004): Chair of the Humanities Program, Ono College, Israel. Dissertation Title: " The Past, the East, and the Circulation of Post-Copernican Astronomy in the Eastern Mediterranean, 1560-1660"
- Kathy Nielsen (2002): Dissertation Title: "Martial Arts as a Technology in the 20th Century"
- Karen Oslund (2000): Associate Professor, Towson University Dissertation Title: "Narrating the North: Scientific exploration, technological management, and colonial politics in the North Atlantic Islands (Denmark, Iceland, Scotland)"
ALUMNI FROM OTHER FIELDS WHO WORKED ON PROJECTS RELATED TO THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE, MEDICINE, AND TECHNOLOGY
- Anindita Nag (2010) : Postdoctoral Fellow, Max Planck Institute for History of Science, Berlin. Dissertation title: “Managing Hunger: Famine, Science and the Colonial State in India, 1860-1910”
- Andrea Maestrejuan (2009): Dissertation title: “Inventors, Firms, and the Market for Technology during the Kaiserreich, 1877 – 1914”
- Karen Flint (2001): Associate Professor, University of North Carolina, Charlotte. Dissertation Title: "Negotiating Tradition: African Healers, Medical Competition, and Cultural Exchange in South Africa, 1820-1948"